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Elevated levels of demand amid constrained supply will underpin rental growth in 2021 across the UK. In large city centre markets, rental demand is building as offices start to reopen, which will ease negative pressure on rents.
Average rents across the UK outside London rose by 1% in the three months to the end of March, taking annual rental growth to +3%.
This is an increase from the +2.1% growth at the end of Q4 2020 and marks the highest level of rental growth in four and half years, amid elevated rental demand.
Rental growth hit a 10-year high in March in the North East, South West, East Midlands and in Wales. Rents are rising fastest in the North East of England (+5.5%), which is one of the most affordable rental markets in the UK.
Rents in the region accounted for a fifth (20.8%) of average income for a single earner in the North East before the pandemic, compared to the UK average of 32%.
The growth in rents over the last year has pushed this measure of affordability to 22%, but it still remains one of the most affordable regions in which to rent a property.
The relative rental affordability in the regions showing the highest rental growth means there has been more headroom for rents to rise.
For example, in the North East, over the last 10 years, rents have risen by an average of 1% a year, less than the average annual rise in wages.
Rental growth rose to +8% in Barnsley and Wigan in March, two of the towns with the strongest rise in rents over the last 12 months.
The rental increase can be compared to the total growth in rents in the nine years leading up to March 2020 which was around 12%. The average growth in UK rents over the same period was 21%.
In Hastings, the town which has seen the highest rental growth at +8.9%, average rents are relatively lower than the neighbouring towns of Bexhill and Eastbourne, signalling how rents are rising more quickly here than elsewhere on that stretch of the south coast.
Rental demand was 59% higher in April than in a typical April in the more ‘normal’ markets between 2017 and 2019. In the first quarter of this year, demand for rental property outside London was 32% higher than in the same period last year.
As with the sales market, more renters are looking for additional space, or are reassessing how and where they are living. This means an increasing number are making moves rather than extending their lease – creating additional levels of demand.
The ‘search for space’ is clear as the share of renters searching for a property with access to or with its own garden has more than doubled this year compared to the same period last year.
The data signals that the supply of properties available to rent in most markets is not keeping up with demand. In Q1, the new supply of property coming to the market outside London was 5% lower than in Q1 last year.
There are several reasons underpinning this. While some renters are making a move, at the same time, a mixture of affordability constraints and reluctance to make larger investment decisions during the pandemic, means the typical flow of renters out of the sector is not happening at the usual pace, putting pressure on supply.
At the same time, investment into the private rental market, which is mostly made up of individual landlords, has not regained the levels seen in 2015 before the additional +3% stamp duty was introduced for investors.
The number of properties purchased using a buy-to-let mortgage was 45% lower in 2020 than in 2015, and the number of homes in the private rented sector has fallen slightly since 2016 as landlords rationalise their portfolios in the face of tax changes and additional regulation.
In some markets, institutional investors and large-scale landlords are addressing this shortfall. But in many markets outside large cities, supply constraints will remain – and will remain a structural challenge for the rental market for the foreseeable future.
Last year, relatively muted demand in city centres amid rising stock levels put downward pressure on rents, while elevated demand in the wider commuter zones supported strong rental growth.
We examined this trend in some detail in our previous rental report. Rents are still down on the year in central Manchester (-1.1%), central Leeds (-0.7%) and in central Edinburgh (-3.2%) in the year to March.
London is examined in more detail later in the report. As lockdown eases and offices and amenities start to open up, there are clear signs that demand for rental property in these major city centres has started to bounce back in April.
Since Easter (5th April), tenant demand has risen sharply in central Edinburgh, up 26% compared to the previous six week period. In central Leeds, rental demand is up 7%, while in Manchester, demand is up 5%.
There is a seasonal element to this trend, as the market starts to build towards the typically busy period in late summer. Yet the rise in demand in these central city zones has outpaced the growth in wider commuter zones over the same period.
Affordability has also improved in most cities, with rents in Manchester now accounting for 28% of an average earner’s income, down from 30% in March 2019.
The exception to this demand story is Birmingham, where demand has slowed since Easter – after a much stronger period through February and March across the wider city. Rental growth in Birmingham has nudged back into positive territory at +0.1%.
Rental demand has also started to climb in inner London, up 6.5% since Easter compared to the previous six weeks. As offices start to re-open along with surrounding amenities, it marks the start of a swing back in demand in the city centre.
Average rents in some central boroughs have fallen over the last year, dramatically improving affordability. Average monthly rents in the City of London, Kensington & Chelsea and Westminster have fallen to their lowest levels since the index began in March 2011, a further enticement for renters to investigate these markets.
Across London as a whole, rents are at their most affordable levels in a decade. The average monthly rent accounts for around 42% of a single earner’s average gross income, down from 49% last year, underlining improved affordability levels.
With the return of global tourism and business travel, the additional short-term rental stock that moved into the rental market in early summer last year will start to move back to that purpose, putting more pressure on the supply of rental properties.
This will also start to underpin future rental recovery. Average rents have fallen nearly 10% since the start of the first lockdown last year, so it will not be a quick snap back to rental levels seen at the start of 2020.
Instead it will be a slow build over the coming 12-18 months especially in central London zones.
Elevated levels of demand in the wider UK market, amid constrained supply, will continue to underpin rental growth this year.
The increased availability of mortgages for those with lower deposits may result in more people leaving the sector to buy their first home through 2021, but the wider economic uncertainty will limit this trend.
At the same time, the opening up of the economy and the slow return to ‘business as usual’ as the vaccine rolls out means demand will continue to build over the summer as more people move to rent their first property – although, as ever, this will be dependent on the economy opening up in line with the planned timetable.
Demand will continue to rise in city centres as offices start to reopen and this, coupled with increased affordability levels in many cases, will start to counter the negative pressure on rents seen over the last 12 months.
In London, where rents are down 9.4% on the year, a modest reversal in rental declines has begun, but it will be a slow build back to pre-pandemic levels in inner London.
The recovery will be uneven and we expect new or recently refurbished properties to attract higher levels of demand in H2.Demand outstrips supply outside London
If you want to learn more about the Hometrack Rental Market Report, please do get in touch with the team at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sharp rise in demand for rental properties in recent months, especially in central city markets, signalling the return of city life as offices and other leisure venues continue to open up more fully.
The pandemic continues to shape the UK property market, with the effects felt most acutely in the growing disparity between inner city and outer city residential rents.
Rents in London fall 5% as COVID-19 impacts the capital’s rental market but rental growth across the wider UK market remains resilient
Average rents across the UK dipped by -0.3% in June, and by -0.8% in Q2, taking the annual growth in UK rents to +1.1%, down from +1.7% a year ago. However, a two-speed market has emerged between London and the rest of the UK.