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City house price growth is proving resilient with average prices up 5% in 2017H1. Birmingham is the fastest growing city while 4 low growth cities are registering house price falls in real terms.
City house price growth 5.1%yoy
UK city house price growth is running at 5.1% per annum, down from 8.8% in June 2016. House price inflation has picked up in recent months. Growth in the first half of 2017 ranges from 0.2% in Aberdeen to 6.1% in Birmingham (Table 2). This is consistent with an 11% increase in home purchase mortgages which are also 5% higher than the 5 year average.
Thirteen cities with lower annual growth
Thirteen cities have a lower annual growth rate than a year ago (figure 1). London, Bristol and Oxford have recorded the greatest slowdown as affordability and uncertainty impact demand. The rate of price falls in Aberdeen has slowed sharply.
House price growth is higher in seven cities, but the scale of the increases compared to June 2016 are more modest. The exception is Edinburgh where the rate of growth has bounced back from 1.8% a year ago to 6.5% today.
Prospects for 2017H2
Despite a material slowdown in the rate of house price growth in south eastern England, house price inflation is holding up despite the squeeze on real incomes and uncertainty around Brexit. The Brexit impact was greatest over 2016H2 and house price inflation has picked up over the last 6 months.
At the end of 2016 we predicted that city house price growth over 2017 would be 4%. On current trends we expect this to be closer to 6-7%. There remains material upside for house prices outside south eastern England. The outlook for mortgage rates, employment and economic growth that hold to key to how fast this translates into higher house prices over the next 2-3 years.
Negative real house price growth
Nominal house price growth in four cities is failing to keep pace with the rate of consumer price inflation which is 2.6% - Cambridge (1.9%), Oxford (2.1%), Newcastle (2.4%) and Aberdeen (-2.7%). House price growth across London City has fallen to a 5 year low of 2.6% meaning prices are flat in real terms. Inner London markets have the lowest rates of house price growth and are registering real price falls.
16 cities have average prices above 2007 peak
Sustained house price growth in large regional cities has pushed house prices ahead of their 2007 peak in sixteen cities. At current growth rates it will be another 2 years before Newcastle, Glasgow and Liverpool exceed their 2007 levels. Belfast will take much longer with prices still 45% lower than in 2007.Fig. 3 - City house prices relative to 2007 peak
UK city house price growth in February 2020 was +1.6%, higher than the +1.2% a year ago. That said, in recent weeks coronavirus has had a rapid impact on housing demand, which is 40% lower in the last week. Transaction volumes are set to decline by an estimated 60% in the next quarter with a further fall in sales volumes over Q3 2020.
This month's Cities Index is the second in a row to record a 3.9% increase year-on-year. This is taking average prices up to a nearly 3-year high. Prices have now also recovered across all English cities to pre-recession 2007 levels. Supply is still flat and outpaced by demand, at 2.6%.
This month’s Cities Index shows a continuation of the strong end to 2019. City house price growth is at a two-year high, at 3.9%. Coupled with a bounce in demand, which at 26% far exceeds the traditional new year boost, we see green shoots of returning market optimism. At a regional level, affordability of local stock is driving growth forecasts for Northern and Midlands cities, while in the South, the picture is more subdued.
Average UK city house prices have increased at an annual average rate of 4.4% per annum. While price falls in the latter part of 2018 suppressed the annual growth rate, these have dropped out of the annual growth calculation and explain the increase in the current annual rate of growth. The outlook for 2020 will be driven by affordability factors. We expect city house prices to increase by +3% over 2020 with above average growth in the most affordable cities and below average growth in cities across London and southern England.